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"One of the strangest types of galaxies is those known as ring galaxies. Examples of this include Hoag’s Object (shown above), the Cartwheel Galaxy, and AM 0644-741. These unusual shapes are cause by a galactic collision in which a smaller galaxy plunges nearly straight through the center of a larger galaxy. The gravitational disturbance causes a wave of star formation to ripple out from the center. In most cases, the intruder galaxy is long gone, but a serendipitous discovery as part of a larger survey recently turned up another of these objects, this time with the collisional partner still making its getaway."